Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is considered a central figure in modern philosophy. Kant argued that the human mind creates the structure of human experience, that reason is the source of morality, that aesthetics arises from a faculty of disinterested judgment, that space and time are forms of our sensibility, and that the world as it is "in-itself" is independent of our concepts of it. 

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I had therefore to remove knowledge in order to make room for belief.

Two things awe me most, the starry sky above me and the moral law within me.

Even philosophers will praise war as ennobling mankind, forgetting the Greek who said: 'War is bad, in that it begets more evil than it kills.'

Ingratitude is the essence of vileness.

Happiness is not an ideal of reason, but of imagination.

Immaturity is the incapacity to use one's intelligence without the guidance of another.

If man makes himself a worm he must not complain when he is trodden on.

All the interests of my reason speculative as well as practical combine in the three following questions: 1. What can I know? 2. What ought I to do? 3. What may I hope?

All thought must directly or indirectly by way of certain characters relate ultimately to intuitions and therefore with us to sensibility because in no other way can an object be given to us.

Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life.

A categorical imperative would be one which represented an action as objectively necessary in itself without reference to any other purpose.

But although all our knowledge begins with experience it does not follow that it arises from experience.

May you live your life as if the maxim of your actions were to become universal law.

Metaphysics is a dark ocean without shores or lighthouse strewn with many a philosophic wreck.

Out of timber so crooked as that from which man is made nothing entirely straight can be carved.

Thoughts without content are empty intuitions without concepts are blind.

Live your life as though your every act were to become a universal law.

It is beyond a doubt that all our knowledge that begins with experience.

Intuition and concepts constitute... the elements of all our knowledge so that neither concepts without an intuition in some way corresponding to them nor intuition without concepts can yield knowledge.

It is not God's will merely that we should be happy but that we should make ourselves happy.

Act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.

He who is cruel to animals becomes hard also in his dealings with men. We can judge the heart of a man by his treatment of animals.

From such crooked wood as that which man is made of nothing straight can be fashioned.

It is not necessary that whilst I live I live happily, but it is necessary that so long as I live I should live honourably.

All our knowledge begins with the senses proceeds then to the understanding and ends with reason. There is nothing higher than reason.

By a lie a man... annihilates his dignity as a man.

Seek not the favor of the multitude, it is seldom got by honest and lawful means. But seek the testimony of few, and number not voices but weigh them.

Nothing is divine but what is agreeable to reason.

Experience without theory is blind but theory without experience is mere intellectual play.

In law a man is guilty when he violates the rights of others. In ethics he is guilty if he only thinks of doing so.

Morality is not the doctrine of how we may make ourselves happy but how we may make ourselves worthy of happiness.

What can I know? What ought I to do? What can I hope?

The only objects of practical reason are therefore those of good and evil. For by the former is meant an object necessarily desired according to a principle of reason, by the latter one necessarily shunned also according to a principle of reason.

Always recognize that human individuals are ends and do not use them as means to your end.

To be is to do.

So act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.

Religion is the recognition of all our duties as divine commands.