Plutarch (c. AD 46 – AD 120), later named, upon becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, was a Greek biographer and essayist, known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia. He is classified as a Middle Platonist. Plutarch's surviving works were written in Greek, but intended for both Greek and Roman readers.

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Courage stands halfway between cowardice and rashness, one of which is a lack, the other an excess of courage.

Neither blame or praise yourself.

The very spring and root of honesty and virtue lie in good education.

It is indeed a desirable thing to be well-descended but the glory belongs to our ancestors.

If I were not Alexander I would be Diogenes.

Perseverance is more prevailing than violence, and many things which cannot be overcome when they are together yield themselves up when taken little by little.

The mind is not a vessel to be filled but a fire to be kindled.

To find fault is easy, to do better may be difficult.

The real destroyer of the liberties of the people is he who spreads among them bounties donations and benefits.

Character is long-standing habit.

Prosperity is no just scale, adversity is the only balance to weigh friends.

Nothing is harder to direct than a man in prosperity, nothing more easily managed that one is adversity.

It is part of a good man to do great and noble deeds though he risk everything.

Fate leads him who follows it and drags him who resist.

Moral habits induced by public practices are far quicker in making their way into men's private lives than the failings and faults of individuals are in infecting the city at large.

Let us carefully observe those good qualities wherein our enemies excel us, and endeavor to excel them by avoiding what is faulty and imitating what is excellent in them.

To make no mistakes is not in the power of man, but from their errors and mistakes the wise and good learn wisdom for the future.

Painting is silent poetry and poetry is painting that speaks.

To be ignorant of the lives of the most celebrated men of antiquity is to continue in a state of childhood all our days.

It were better to have no opinion of God at all than such a one as is unworthy of him, for the one is only belief - the other contempt.

The omission of good is no less reprehensible than the commission of evil.

Silence at the proper season is wisdom and better than any speech.

For to err in opinion though it be not the part of wise men is at least human.

Medicine to produce health must examine disease, and music to create harmony must investigate discord.

In words are seen the state of mind and character and disposition of the speaker.

Do not speak of your happiness to one less fortunate than yourself.

All men whilst they are awake are in one common world: but each of them when he is asleep is in a world of his own.

We ought not to treat living creatures like shoes or household belongings which when worn with use we throw away.

Those who aim at great deeds must also suffer greatly.

I would rather excel in the knowledge of what is excellent than in the extent of my power and possessions.

A few vices are sufficient to darken many virtues.

The wildest colts make the best horses.

Courage consists not in hazarding without fear, but being resolutely minded in a just cause.

I don't need a friend who changes when I change and who nods when I nod, my shadow does that much better.

When the strong box contains no more both friends and flatterers shun the door.

Character is simply habit long continued.

An imbalance between rich and poor is the oldest and most fatal ailment of all republics.

Know how to listen and you will profit even from those who talk badly.

No man ever wetted clay and then left it as if there would be bricks by chance and fortune.

What we achieve inwardly will change outer reality.