Aristotle

Aristotle

Aristotle (384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist. His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. He was Plato's student and Alexander the Great's tutor.

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Democracy arose from men's thinking that if they are equal in any respect they are equal absolutely.

A very populous city can rarely if ever be well governed

All he would have needed to do to verify or refute this theory was to ask a number of men and women to open their mouths so he could count their teeth.

Every rascal is not a thief, but every thief is a rascal.

The appropriate age for marriage is around eighteen for girls and thirty-seven for men.

It is better to rise from life as from a banquet - neither thirsty nor drunken.

Now that practical skills have developed enough to provide adequately for material needs one of these sciences which are not devoted to utilitarian ends [mathematics] has been able to arise in Egypt the priestly caste there having the leisure neces

Humor is the only test of gravity, and gravity of humor, for a subject which will not bear raillery is suspicious, and a jest which will not bear serious examination is false wit.

While those whom devotion to abstract discussions has rendered unobservant of the facts are too ready to dogmatize on the basis of a few observations.

It is easy to fly into a passion - anybody can do that - but to be angry with the right person to the right extent, and at the right time, with the right object, and in the right way - that is not easy and it is not everyone who can do it.

No one will dare maintain that it is better to do injustice than to bear it.

The most perfect political community must be amongst those who are in the middle rank and those states are best instituted wherein these are a larger and more respectable part if possible than both the other, or if that cannot be at least than either of them separate.

To enjoy the things we ought, and to hate the things we ought, has the greatest bearing on excellence of character.

Madness is badness of spirit when one seeks profit from all sources.

Nor was civil society founded merely to preserve the lives of its members, but that they might live well: for otherwise a state might be composed of slaves or the animal creation... nor is it an alliance mutually to defend each other from injuries or for a commercial intercourse. But whosoever endeavors to establish wholesome laws in a state attends to the virtues and vices of each individual who composes it, from whence it is evident that the first care of him who would found a city truly deserving that name and not nominally so must be to have his citizens virtuous.

Those who excel in virtue have the best right of all to rebel but then they are of all men the least inclined to do so.

A great city is not to be confounded with a populous one.

No notice is taken of a little evil but when it increases it strikes the eye

Again men in general desire the good and not merely what their fathers had.

All human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance nature compulsions habit reason passion and desire.

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