Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American Founding Father who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence and later served as the third President of the United States from 1801 to 1809.  A proponent of democracy, republicanism, and individual rights motivating American colonists to break from Great Britain and form a new nation, he produced formative documents and decisions at both the state and national level. 

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I find that the harder I work, the more luck I seem to have.

I cannot live without books.

To penetrate and dissipate these clouds of darkness, the general mind must be strengthened by education.

It is more dangerous that even a guilty person should be punished without the forms of law, than that he should escape.

Enlighten the people generally, and tyranny and oppressions of body and mind will vanish like evil spirits at the dawn of day.

I would rather be exposed to the inconveniences attending too much liberty, than those attending too small a degree of it.

Force is the vital principle and immediate parent of despotism.

The most successful war seldom pays for its losses.

I like the dreams of the future better than the history of the past.

Every government degenerates when trusted to the rulers of the people alone. The people themselves are its only safe depositories.

One travels more usefully when alone because he reflects more.

History in general only informs us of what bad government is.

When a man assumes a public trust he should consider himself a public property.

A coward is much more exposed to quarrels than a man of spirit.

An enemy generally says and believes what he wishes.

Nothing gives one person so much advantage over another as to remain always cool and unruffled under all circumstances.

I have no fear that the result of our experiment will be that men may be trusted to govern themselves without a master.

It behooves every man who values liberty of conscience for himself, to resist invasions of it in the case of others: or their case may by change of circumstances become his own.

Whenever the people are well-informed they can be trusted with their own government.

I believe that banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies.

Delay is preferable to error.

Our greatest happiness does not depend on the condition of life in which chance has placed us but is always the result of a good conscience good health occupation and freedom in all just pursuits.

No government ought to be without censors, and where the press is free no one ever will.

I am an Epicurean. I consider the genuine (not the imputed) doctrines of Epicurus as containing everything rational in moral philosophy which Greek and Roman leave to us.

I have no ambition to govern men, it is a painful and thankless office.

Where the press is free and every man able to read all is safe.

Do not bite at the bait of pleasure till you know there is no hook beneath it.

The natural progress of things is for liberty to yield and government to gain ground.

The care of human life and happiness and not their destruction is the first and only object of good government.

I abhor war and view it as the greatest scourge of mankind.

Peace and abstinence from European interferences are our objects and so will continue while the present order of things in America remain uninterrupted.

Do you want to know who you are? Don't ask. Act! Action will delineate and define you.

Leave no authority existing not responsible to the people.

It is our duty still to endeavor to avoid war, but if it shall actually take place no matter by whom brought on we must defend ourselves. If our house be on fire without inquiring whether it was fired from within or without we must try to extinguish it.

It is incumbent on every generation to pay its own debts as it goes. A principle which if acted on would save one-half the wars of the world.

Experience demands that man is the only animal which devours his own kind for I can apply no milder term to the general prey of the rich on the poor.

Politics is such a torment that I advise everyone I love not to mix with it.

None but an armed nation can dispense with a standing army. To keep ours armed and disciplined is therefore at all times important.

When you reach the end of your rope tie a knot in it and hang on.

Mankind are more disposed to suffer while evils are sufferable than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.

The spirit of this country is totally adverse to a large military force.

Whenever a man has cast a longing eye on offices a rottenness begins in his conduct.

Advertisements contain the only truths to be relied on in a newspaper.

There is not a sprig of grass that shoots uninteresting to me.

Friendship is but another name for an alliance with the follies and the misfortunes of others. Our own share of miseries is sufficient: why enter then as volunteers into those of another?

Only aim to do your duty and mankind will give you credit where you fail.

Honesty is the first chapter in the book of wisdom.

Peace and friendship with all mankind is our wisest policy and I wish we may be permitted to pursue it.

War is an instrument entirely inefficient toward redressing wrong, and multiplies instead of indemnifying losses.

Bodily decay is gloomy in prospect but of all human contemplations the most abhorrent is body without mind.

All too will bear in mind this sacred principle that though the will of the majority is in all cases to prevail that will to be rightful must be reasonable, that the minority possess their equal rights which equal law must protect and to violate would be oppression.

I own that I am not a friend to a very energetic government. It is always oppressive.

Power is not alluring to pure minds.

Merchants have no country. The mere spot they stand on does not constitute so strong an attachment as that from which they draw their gains.

Walking is the best possible exercise. Habituate yourself to walk very fast.

The republican is the only form of government which is not eternally at open or secret war with the rights of mankind.

Fix reason firmly in her seat and call to her tribunal every fact every opinion. Question with boldness even the existence of a God, because if there be one he must more approve of the homage of reason than that of blindfolded fear.

I think with the Romans that the general of today should be a soldier tomorrow if necessary.

We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

Rightful liberty is unobstructed action according to our will within limits drawn around us by the equal rights of others. I do not add 'within the limits of the law' because law is often but the tyrant's will and always so when it violates the rights of the individual.

The God who gave us life gave us liberty at the same time.

We may consider each generation as a distinct nation with a right by the will of its majority to bind themselves but none to bind the succeeding generation more than the inhabitants of another country.

My theory has always been that if we are to dream the flatteries of hope are as cheap and pleasanter than the gloom of despair.

Nothing can stop the man with the right mental attitude from achieving his goal, nothing on earth can help the man with the wrong mental attitude.

I believe that every human mind feels pleasure in doing good to another.

Timid men prefer the calm of despotism to the tempestuous sea of liberty.

A wise and frugal Government which shall restrain men from injuring one another which shall leave them otherwise free to regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement and shall not take from the mouth of labor the bread it has earned. This is the sum of good government and this is necessary to close the circlue of our felicities.

The advertisement is the most truthful part of a newspaper.

Money not morality is the principle commerce of civilized nations.

No occupation is so delightful to me as the culture of the earth and no culture comparable to that of the garden.

Every citizen should be a soldier. This was the case with the Greeks and Romans and must be that of every free state.

If there is one principle more deeply rooted in the mind of every American it is that we should have nothing to do with conquest.

The boisterous sea of liberty is never without a wave.

The world is indebted for all triumphs which have been gained by reason and humanity over error and oppression.

Conquest is not in our principles. It is inconsistent with our government.

When the people fear the government there is tyranny. When the government fears the people there is liberty.

A strong body makes the mind strong. As to the species of exercises I advise the gun. While this gives moderate exercise to the body it gives boldness enterprise and independence to the mind. Games played with the ball and others of that nature are too violent for the body and stamp no character on the mind. Let your gun therefore be your constant companion of your walks.

Our country is now taking so steady a course as to show by what road it will pass to destruction to wit: by consolidation of power first and then corruption its necessary consequence.

We did not raise armies for glory or for conquest.

The way to silence religious disputes is to take no notice of them.

I never considered a difference of opinion in politics in religion in philosophy as cause for withdrawing from a friend.

If God is just I tremble for my country.

The constitutions of most of our States assert that all power is inherent in the people, that... it is their right and duty to be at all times armed.

An association of men who will not quarrel with one another is a thing which has never yet existed from the greatest confederacy of nations down to a town meeting or a vestry.

When we get piled upon one another in large cities as in Europe we shall become as corrupt as Europe.

The glow of one warm thought is to me worth more than money.

Truth is certainly a branch of morality and a very important one to society.

Commerce with all nations alliance with none should be our motto.

Experience hath shewn that even under the best forms of government those entrusted with power have in time and by slow operations perverted it into tyranny.

If we can but prevent the government from wasting the labours of the people under the pretence of taking care of them they must become happy.

It is error alone which needs the support of government. Truth can stand by itself.

I know of no safe depository of the ultimate powers of the society but the people themselves, and if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with a wholesome discretion the remedy is not to take it from them but to inform their discretion.

I do not take a single newspaper nor read one a month and I feel myself infinitely the happier for it.

Leave all the afternoon for exercise and recreation which are as necessary as reading. I will rather say more necessary because health is worth more than learning.

Taste cannot be controlled by law.

So confident am I in the intentions as well as wisdom of the government that I shall always be satisfied that what is not done either cannot or ought not to be done.

Resort is had to ridicule only when reason is against us.

Educate and inform the whole mass of the people... They are the only sure reliance for the preservation of our liberty.

I hope we shall crush in its birth the aristocracy of our monied corporations which dare already to challenge our government to a trial by strength and bid defiance to the laws of our country.

Errors of opinion may be tolerated where reason is left free to combat it.

My reading of history convinces me that most bad government results from too much government.

If the present Congress errs in too much talking how can it be otherwise in a body to which the people send one hundred and fifty lawyers whose trade it is to question everything yield nothing and talk by the hour?

No freeman shall be debarred the use of arms.

To compel a man to furnish funds for the propagation of ideas he disbelieves and abhors is sinful and tyrannical.

One man with courage is a majority.

Dependence begets subservience and venality suffocates the germ of virtue and prepares fit tools for the designs of ambition.

In matters of style swim with the current, in matters of principle stand like a rock.

Peace commerce and honest friendship with all nations, entangling alliances with none.

Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without a government I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.

It is always better to have no ideas than false ones, to believe nothing than to believe what is wrong.

Question with boldness even the existence of a God, because if there be one he must more approve of the homage of reason than that of blind-folded fear.

No duty the Executive had to perform was so trying as to put the right man in the right place.

There is a natural aristocracy among men. The grounds of this are virtue and talents.

There is not a truth existing which I fear... or would wish unknown to the whole world.

Determine never to be idle. No person will have occasion to complain of the want of time who never loses any. It is wonderful how much may be done if we are always doing.

Ignorance is preferable to error and he is less remote from the truth who believes nothing than he who believes what is wrong.

The spirit of resistance to government is so valuable on certain occasions that I wish it to be always kept alive.

Happiness is not being pained in body or troubled in mind.

He who knows nothing is closer to the truth than he whose mind is filled with falsehoods and errors.

The moment a person forms a theory his imagination sees in every object only the traits which favor that theory.

Don't talk about what you have done or what you are going to do.

He who knows best knows how little he knows.

It is in our lives and not our words that our religion must be read.

Be polite to all but intimate with few.

Always take hold of things by the smooth handle.

Books constitute capital. A library book lasts as long as a house for hundreds of years. It is not then an article of mere consumption but fairly of capital and often in the case of professional men setting out in life it is their only capital.

The earth belongs to the living not to the dead.

For a people who are free and who mean to remain so a well-organized and armed militia is their best security.

It does me no injury for my neighbor to say there are twenty gods or no God.

My only fear is that I may live too long. This would be a subject of dread to me.

We are not to expect to be translated from despotism to liberty in a featherbed.

I was bold in the pursuit of knowledge never fearing to follow truth and reason to whatever results they led and bearding every authority which stood in their way.

A Bill of Rights is what the people are entitled to against every government and what no just government should refuse or rest on inference.

I never will by any word or act bow to the shrine of intolerance or admit a right of inquiry into the religious opinions of others.

Speeches that are measured by the hour will die with the hour.

Wisdom, I know, is social. She seeks her fellows. But Beauty is jealous and illy bears the presence of a rival.

But friendship is precious not only in the shade but in the sunshine of life and thanks to a benevolent arrangement the greater part of life is sunshine.

Sometimes it is said that man cannot be trusted with the government of himself. Can he then be trusted with the government of others? Or have we found angels in the form of kings to govern him? Let history answer this question.

The second office in the government is honorable and easy, the first is but a splendid misery.

Difference of opinion is advantageous in religion. The several sects perform the office of a Censor - over each other.

When angry count to ten before you speak. If very angry count to one hundred.

The natural cause of the human mind is certainly from credulity to skepticism.

An injured friend is the bitterest of foes.

As our enemies have found we can reason like men so now let us show them we can fight like men also.

In truth politeness is artificial good humor it covers the natural want of it and ends by rendering habitual a substitute nearly equivalent to the real virtue.

It is neither wealth nor splendor, but tranquility and occupation which give you happiness.

I find that he is happiest of whom the world says least good or bad.

In every country and every age the priest had been hostile to Liberty.

The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions the most unremitting despotism on the one part and degrading submissions on the other. Our children see this and learn to imitate it.

The good opinion of mankind like the lever of Archimedes with the given fulcrum moves the world.

Whenever you do a thing act as if all the world were watching.

In defense of our persons and properties under actual violation we took up arms. When that violence shall be removed when hostilities shall cease on the part of the aggressors hostilities shall cease on our part also.

The Creator has not thought proper to mark those in the forehead who are of stuff to make good generals. We are first therefore to seek them blindfold and then let them learn the trade at the expense of great losses.

No man will ever carry out of the Presidency the reputation which carried him into it.

I have sworn upon the altar of God eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man.

It takes time to persuade men to do even what is for their own good.

We never repent of having eaten too little.

I am mortified to be told that in the United States of America the sale of a book can become a subject of inquiry, and of criminal inquiry too.

If a nation expects to be ignorant and free in a state of civilization it expects what never was and never will be.

I hope our wisdom will grow with our power and teach us that the less we use our power the greater it will be.

I have seen enough of one war never to wish to see another.

The man who reads nothing at all is better educated than the man who reads nothing but newspapers.

Never spend your money before you have earned it.

One loves to possess arms though they hope never to have occasion for them.

The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.

Nothing is unchangeable but the inherent and unalienable rights of man.

How much pain they have cost us the evils which have never happened.

That government is the strongest of which every man feels himself a part.